On top of that, the shoulder joint injury is painful and can increase its severity if not treated properly. So in this article, let’s go over what a shoulder joint is, why pain in it occurs and what are the treatment options.
The shoulder joint consists of three bones, namely, humerus which is the upper arm bone, the scapula — also known as the shoulder blade — and clavicle (the collar bone). These three are covered by a soft but much more flexible bone firm tissues known as cartilage. These are connective tissues found in many parts of the body, especially between the bone joints.
Clavicle is the only point of attachment between trunk and upper arm and hand limb.
While there are three bones making up the shoulder joint, there are actually four joints making up the shoulder joint. Those are:
• Glenohumeral Joint
• Arcomioclavicular Joint
• Sternoclavicular Joint
• Scapulothoracic Joint
These together work along with the tendons and muscles to provide the flexibility in range of motion that we have in our shoulders.
Another group of muscles that you should be aware of are rotator cuff.
There are many causes that account for shoulder pain, some with simple explanation, other stubbornly complex.
The shoulder is a complicated ball and socket joint with variety of bones and muscles coming together to form the joint. Any major or minor injuries to any one of these bone may affect the functioning of the other, and hence may result in difficulties and discomfort ranging from mind to severe pain.
As stated earlier, there are many reason why one may suffer from shoulder pain, but mostly all of them fall into four major categories. These are:
It is an instance where. It is also sometimes referred to as tendinitis. This causes pain and stiffness in the affected area and makes it difficult for the sufferer to move his/her shoulders freely. Tendon inflmmation in shoulder occurs due to continuous repetitive action of the shoulder joint. If a certain action is performed incorrectly, the level of risk increases.
Informal names of tendon inflmmation are: swimmer’s shoulder, golfer’s elbow, pitcher’s shoulder, jumper’s knee and tennis elbow. As atheletes tend to overuse their muscle during their practice, they are at a much higher risk of getting tendinitis. Hence the names got derived from sports world as more and more sportpersons suffered from this.
According to arthritis foundation, arthritis is not a single disease, rather an informal way to refer to any type of joint pain or joint disease. There are known to be more than 100 differnt types of arthritis. The same foundation claims that there are over 50 million adults and 300,000 children suffering from a form of arthritis.
However, common symptoms of almost all type of include but are not limited to swelling, stiffness, pain, and limited range of motion. Severe arthritis often leads to chronic pain.
When a shoulder slips out of its place repeatedly or dislocates and get loose, physiotherapist refer them to as chronic shoulder instability. There are two types of dislocation, one is partial and other is complete. In the ball and socket model of the shoulder, when the upper arm ball comes out of the socket partially, it is called partial, and when displaced completely, it is called complete. As evident by the definitions, complete dislocation is more severe and painful than partial.
Shoulder pain can also occur if any of the bones forming the shoulder breaks in which cases it is known as fractured shoulder.
When the shoulder area receives a direct blow due to any fall or collision or such, then the shoulder area becomes fractured. Collar bone or clavicle are more prone to get fractured than scapula because it is protected by chest and surrounding muscle. Depending upon the degree on injury, fractured bones tend to be the most intense in pain.
Other causes of pain which are less common include bacterial infections, tumors, and nerve-related injuries or problems.
Shoulder pain treatment often includes proper diagnosis and rest and medication therapy before any major surgery.
This therapy involves resting the reducing the mobility or altering the activity of the affected area, applying ice, and physical other physical therapies to help improve blood circulation, shoulder strengh, and flexibility of the muscles. The main focus of this treatment is to reduce or eliminate the overdone motion that affected the joint.
Medications are often prescribed to patients who have swelling or are suffering from high level of pain such as pain killers. Steriod injections are also given in severe cases. However, these should only be taken as prescribed by a physician with regular follow ups to measure the effectiveness of the drugs.
While 90% of the patients do tent to reduce their shoulder pain by conservative treatment methods such as altering activities, rest, icing and other chiropractic methods, some cases demand for surgery as pre-requisite for physical treatment.
At SMWIO, we offer comprehensive care solutions for patients suffering from shoulder pain. Our skilled physicians with years of experience in this field treat every patient differently after proper diagnosis. Our procedure generally include scrutinizing the affected area and providing treatment in a personalized way. If you’re suffering from any problems with your shoulder, ontact us today to schedule a free appointment.