Fracture treatment Services
Our body framework is made up of bones which support and put all other organs in their right place. They are usually strong, but they too have their limits. In this constantly moving world, our body is always in threat from outside force which can break our bones. And needless to say, fractured bones give the highest amount of pain than any other conditions. Here, we’ll briefly discuss the causes, detection, treatment of fractured bones.
Type of FracturesThere are usually five types of fractures which are divided based upon the severity of the damage.
The five classes are:
Stable Fracture. It is barely a fracture where broken ends of bones line up. It is the first degree of fracture.
Open or Compound Fracture. In this type of fracture, the skin is pierced and the skin is affected too.
Transverse Fracture. It’s when the fracture is along the horizon of the bone.
Oblique Fracture. It has angled pattern.
Comminuted Fracture. It is the highest degree of fracture where bone is shattered into three or more pieces.
CausesFractures in any part of body happens when the joint receive a sudden heavy blow that breaks the bone forming the joint. When the force exceeds the the force that the bony joint can withstand, it breaks or gets fractured.
The causes of bone fractures include:
- • Traumatic incidents like vehicle accidents.
- • Medical conditions like osteoporosis and type of cancer.
Detection of Fracture
Most fractures can be easily recognized by physicians by simply taking X-ray of the affected area. In some cases like wrist and hip fractures, other scans like MRI and CT scans are required. At times, after an initial normal X-ray, your doctor may ask for another X-ray 10 to 14 days after the initial one after he applies a splint which makes the fracture visible after it has partially healed. Even after the initial diagnosis to, additional tests like angiogram and X-ray of blood vessels are taken to detect tear or damage to tissues and muscles around the bone. In case of skull fractures, as they demand immediate attention, doctors direct opt to perform CT scan and skip the plan X-ray scan which detects skull factures along with important related brain injuries or secondary injuries.
TreatmentTreatment for fractures often require surgery, but most recently non-surgical treatments like orthopedic treatment are gaining lot of popularity.
A fractured joint cannot heal itself unless it becomes fixed and put in its right place. They are then immobilized by devices using splint, cast, and slings for weeks. Sling is a device manufactured from flexible fabric which covers the affected area. These are most commonly used for patients with shoulder fractures. Splints and cast are similar devices with a bit different functions.
Surgical TreatmentAs fractures give acute pain and no mobility to the affected area whatsoever, it demand for emergency treatment. To protect the affected area from further damage, a splint which is made from wood, metal, or plastic, is put against the area to avoid bending or pressurizing the area. If there is bleeding, then first pressure is applied to stop the bleeding followed by elevating the fracture.
To treat fractured bones, the displaced or broken bones must be put into their right places and held together to let them heal on their own which is usually accelerated by medications and therapy as we’ll discuss later. Setting a bone in its place is called reduction. Repositioning a bone without performing a surgery is referred to as closed reduction, and repositioning it surgically it called open reduction.
Devices such as pins, plates, rods, glue, and screws are employed to keep the fractured bones in its place. After setting, fractures are immobilized to reduce pain and aid healing process using splints, casts.
MedicationsUnlike other pain treatment, medications form an integral part of fracture treatment process as the pain is generally intense and unbearable for the patient. These medications include anti-biotics, painkillers et cetera. Pain killers are generally prescribed to reduce pain, while antibiotics serve as prevention of any infection and promote blood circulation.
Fracture Treatment at SMWIO
At South Miami Walk-In Orthopedics, our core mission is to provide non-surgical and painless treatment to our patients. Even though most of the fractures call for surgery, our modern treatment therapies like Platelet Rich Plasma therapy and regenerative therapies heal tissues without the need for surgery. Even patients who go for surgery, also go through these therapies for faster healing. Visit us today and book a same-day appointment.